Lay Morals and Other Papers Page 01
LAY MORALS AND OTHER PAPERS
The Pentland Rising
Chapter I--The Causes of the Revolt
Chapter II--The Beginning
Chapter III--The March of the Rebels
Chapter IV--Rullion Green
Chapter V--A Record of Blood
The Day After To-morrow
Chapter I--Edinburgh Students in 1824
Chapter II--The Modern Student
Chapter III--Debating Societies
Chapter I--Lord Lytton's "Fables in Song"
Chapter II--Salvini's Macbeth
Chapter III--Bagster's "Pilgrim's Progress"
The Wreath of Immortelles
The Great North Road
Chapter I--Nance at the "Green Dragon"
Chapter II--In which Mr. Archer is Installed
Chapter III--Jonathan Holdaway
Chapter IV--Mingling Threads
Chapter V--Life in the Castle
Chapter IV--The Bad Half-Crown
Chapter VII--The Bleaching-Green
Chapter VIII--The Mail Guard
The Young Chevalier
Prologue: The Wine-Seller's Wife
Chapter I--The Prince
Chapter I--Traqairs of Montroymont
Chapter III--The Hill-End of Drumlowe
The problem of education is twofold: first to know, and then to utter. Every one who lives any semblance of an inner life thinks more nobly and profoundly than he speaks; and the best of teachers can impart only broken images of the truth which they perceive. Speech which goes from one to another between two natures, and, what is worse, between two experiences, is doubly relative. The speaker buries his meaning; it is for the hearer to dig it up again; and all speech, written or spoken, is in a dead language until it finds a willing and prepared hearer. Such, moreover, is the complexity of life, that when we condescend upon details in our advice, we may be sure we condescend on error; and the best of education is to throw out some magnanimous hints. No man was ever so poor that he could express all he has in him by words, looks, or actions; his true knowledge is eternally incommunicable, for it is a knowledge of himself; and his best wisdom comes to him by no process of the mind, but in a supreme self-dictation, which keeps varying from hour to hour in its dictates with the variation of events and circumstances.
A few men of picked nature, full of faith, courage, and contempt for others, try earnestly to set forth as much as they can grasp of this inner law; but the vast majority, when they come to advise the young, must be content to retail certain doctrines which have been already retailed to them in their own youth. Every generation has to educate another which it has brought upon the stage. People who readily accept the responsibility of parentship, having very different matters in their eye, are apt to feel rueful when that responsibility falls due. What are they to tell the child about life and conduct, subjects on which they have themselves so few and such confused opinions? Indeed, I do not know; the least said, perhaps, the soonest mended; and yet the child keeps asking, and the parent must find some words to say in his own defence. Where does he find them? and what are they when found?
As a matter of experience, and in nine hundred and ninety-nine cases out of a thousand, he will instil into his wide-eyed brat three bad things: the terror of public opinion, and, flowing from that as a fountain, the desire of wealth and applause. Besides these, or what might be deduced as corollaries from these, he will teach not much else of any effective value: some dim notions of divinity, perhaps, and book-keeping, and how to walk through a quadrille.